mercoledì 12 ottobre 2016

L'Orso russo ha buona memoria e non ama essere tarlupinato ... - Schierati i missili Iskander a Kalinigrad

2016-10-10__kallinigrad__001

È quasi del tutto incomprensibile la strategia messa in atto dalla Nato e dagli Stati Uniti. Sembra tratta da un trattato di psichiatria, almeno per quanto sia dato a sapere.

Una cosa è combattere i guerriglieri del Daesh, dotati soltanto di armi leggere senza alcuna contraerea, un’altra è sfidare ed irritare una superpotenza militare quale la Russia. Che potrebbe anche perdere la pazienza. Mica tutti sono Giobbe. I russi men che mai.

Intendiamoci bene: i russi non sono mica viole mammole. Sono duri, sono coriacei, sono determinati, non sono checche isteriche. Ma quando si alzano da un tavolo di trattative sanno mantenere gli impegni presi. Cosa non da poco. Sfidati, si irrigidiscono: invitati al tavolo delle trattative sanno comprendere la situazione. Non hanno mai preteso l’impossibile.

Adesso la notizia.

Poiché ad ogni azione corrisponde una reazione eguale e contraria, la Russia schiera gli Iskander a Kalinigrad.

Di lì, territorio russo, possono tranquillamente colpire fino a Berlino, senza dover utilizzare missili balistici.

Il messaggio è chiaro. Forse potrebbe capirlo anche Mr Obama. Qualcuno magari lo spieghi a suo marito.

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Cosa è il sistema Iskander?

Lanciabile da una piattaforma mobile, viaggia a mach 6.2 – è ipersonico -: in tre o quattro minuti primi arriva a Berlino. Quasi nemmeno il tempo di poter dare l’allarme.

Ha a bordo l’intero arsenale di contromisure elettroniche prodotte dai russi. Nella fase finale del volo può anche eseguire manovre di disimpegno. Ha una precisione di qualche metro. Può portare testate convenzionali ma anche una bomba termonucleare da 50 kTon.

«During flight it can maneuver at different altitudes and trajectories and can turn at up to 20 to 30 G to evade anti-ballistic missiles»

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Siamo d’accordo che la Nato abbia sistemi equivalenti, nonché missili anti-missile allo stato dell’arte.

Ma sarebbe stato tanto di guadagnato avere quelle batterie missilistiche schierate ben lontane dai confini. Lì, a Kalinigrad, sono proprio ad un tiro di schioppo. Sembrano un avvoltoio appollaiato sulle spalle di Frau Merkel, in attesa della pappa.

Ripetiamo soltanto per chiarezza: la Russia non è il Daesh.

E chi si fosse illuso che i russi si siano dimenticati il comportamento dell’Occidente in occasione della implosione dell’Unione Sovietica si dovrebbe ricredere ed anche molto rapidamente. E per il bene di tutti, dovrebbe essere rinchiuso in un ospedale psichiatrico.

Il mondo ha bisogno di tutto tranne che di governanti isterici. Questo non significa che debbano essere imbelli: devono però essere fermamente equilibrati, affidabili, tessitori di accordi.


Altri articoli in sintonia: 

– La Russia vuole essere rispettata. Un articolo della Bbc che fa pensare. 2016-10-06

– Russia. Sistemi S-400 al confine finlandese, altri S-300 in Siria. 2016-10-05

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«The 9K720 Iskander (Russian: «Искандер»; NATO reporting name SS-26 Stone) is a mobile short-range ballistic missile system produced and deployed by the Russian Federation.

The Iskander ballistic missile is superior to its predecessor, the Oka. The Iskander-M system is equipped with two solid-propellant single-stage guided missiles, model 9M723K1. Each one is controlled throughout the entire flight path and fitted with an inseparable warhead. Each missile in the launch carrier vehicle can be independently targeted in a matter of seconds. The mobility of the Iskander launch platform makes a launch difficult to prevent.

Targets can be located not only by satellite and aircraft but also by a conventional intelligence center, by an artillery observer or from aerial photos scanned into a computer. The missiles can be re-targeted during flight in the case of engaging mobile targets. Another unique feature of Iskander-M is the optically guided warhead, which can also be controlled by encrypted radio transmission, including such as those from AWACS or UAV. The electro-optical guidance system provides a self-homing capability. The missile’s on-board computer receives images of the target, then locks onto the target with its sight and descends towards it at supersonic speed.

Boost phase thrust vector control (TVC) is accomplished by graphite vanes similar in layout to the V-2 and Scud series tactical ballistic missiles. In flight, the missile follows a quasi-ballistic path, performing evasive maneuvers in the terminal phase of flight and releasing decoys in order to penetrate missile defense systems. The missile never leaves the atmosphere as it follows a relatively flat trajectory. The missile is controlled during the whole flight with gas-dynamic and aerodynamic control surfaces. It uses a small scattering surface, special coatings and small size projections to reduce its radar signature. ….

The Russian Iskander-M travels at hypersonic speed of 2100–2600 m/s (Mach 6–7) at a height of 50 km. The Iskander-M weighs 4615 kg, carries a warhead of 710–800 kg, has a range of 500 km and achieves a circular error probable (CEP) of 5–7 meters. During flight it can maneuver at different altitudes and trajectories and can turn at up to 20 to 30 G to evade anti-ballistic missiles. For example, in one of the trajectory modes it can dive at the target at 90 degrees at the rate of 700–800 m/s performing anti-ABM maneuvers. The missile is controlled in all phases. ….

When approaching the target false targets and small jammers separate from the rocket. The missile uses stealth technology. Iskander-M also carries a complex of electronic warfare jamming devices, both passive and active, for the suppression of the enemy’s radar.

The system can be transported by any means of transport, not excluding airplanes.

The maximum power for the nuclear warhead is 50 kiloton TNT (Iskander-M).» [Fonte]


→ Bbc. 2016-10-09. Russia deploys nuclear-capable missiles in Kaliningrad.

Russia has deployed nuclear-capable Iskander missiles in its western-most region, Kaliningrad, which borders on Nato members Poland and Lithuania.

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Poland said the development was of the “highest concern”, adding it was monitoring the situation.

Russia’s defence ministry said the new deployment was part of military exercises and had happened before.

The US and Nato have seen disagreements with Russia intensify in recent times, particularly over Syria and Ukraine.

Kaliningrad is a Russian enclave sandwiched between Poland and Lithuania.

The Iskander system has a range of up to 700km (440 miles) and could reach the German capital, Berlin.

Polish Defence Minister Antoni Macierewicz called Russia’s activities “very alarming”.

And a US intelligence official told Reuters the move could be to express displeasure at Nato. Nato is boosting its eastern flank by deploying four battalions in Poland, Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia next year.


Kaliningrad facts

– Koenigsberg, as the city of Kaliningrad was once known, was founded by Teutonic knights in the 13th Century. It was once the capital of Prussia

– Annexed from Germany after WWII. Germans fled or were expelled

– Is more than 300km away from Russia, which can only be reached through an EU country

– It houses the Russian Baltic Fleet and is the country’s only ice-free European port

– The philosopher Immanuel Kant spent all his life in the city and died there in 1804


But Russian defence ministry spokesman Igor Konashenkov said the deployment was “not exceptional”.

Russia’s annexation of Crimea and its support for rebels fighting in eastern Ukraine provoked considerable alarm in this region that Moscow might also consider aggressive action against countries on Nato’s eastern flank, says the BBC’s Adam Eston in Warsaw.

Nato sought to soothe those fears at its Warsaw summit in July by announcing it would deploy troops to both the Baltic states and Poland, our correspondent says.

Nato said it was a purely defensive action but Moscow sees it as a threat and the deployment of the missiles could be viewed as a counter measure, he adds.

Iskanders were sent to Kaliningrad during military drills last year.

Russia’s annexation of Crimea and its support of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad continue to test relations with Western powers.

Finland, Sweden, Estonia and Latvia are among nations reporting recent air-space violations by Russia’s military.



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